Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH — also called prostate gland enlargement — is a common condition as men get older. An enlarged prostate gland can cause uncomfortable urinary symptoms, such as blocking the flow of urine out of the bladder.
It can also cause bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems. There are several effective treatments 1. BPH prostate gland enlargement, including medications, minimally invasive therapies and surgery. To choose the best option, you and your doctor will consider your symptoms, the size of your prostate, other health conditions you might have and 1.
BPH preferences. The severity of symptoms in people who have prostate gland enlargement varies, but symptoms tend to gradually worsen over time. Common signs and symptoms of BPH include:.
The size of your prostate doesn't necessarily determine the severity of your symptoms. Some men with only slightly enlarged prostates can have significant symptoms, while other men with very enlarged prostates can have only minor urinary symptoms. If you're having urinary problems, discuss them with your doctor.
Even if you don't find urinary symptoms bothersome, it's important to identify or rule out any 1. BPH causes. Untreated, urinary problems might lead to obstruction of the urinary tract. At normal size, the prostate gland is about the size and shape of a walnut or golf ball. When enlarged, the prostate may obstruct urine flow from the bladder and out 1. BPH urethra. The prostate gland is located beneath your bladder. The tube that transports urine from the bladder out of your penis 1.
BPH passes through the center of the prostate. When the prostate enlarges, it 1. BPH to block urine flow. Most men have continued 1. BPH growth throughout life. In many men, this continued growth enlarges the prostate enough to 1. BPH urinary symptoms or to significantly block urine flow. It isn't entirely clear what causes the prostate to enlarge.
However, it might be due to changes in the balance of sex hormones as men 1. BPH older. Most men with an 1. BPH prostate don't develop these complications. However, acute urinary retention and kidney damage can be serious health threats. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH — also called prostate gland enlargement — is a common condition as men get older.
Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Comparing normal and enlarged prostate glands At normal size, the prostate gland is about the size and shape of a walnut or golf ball. Share on: Facebook Twitter. References Wein AJ, et al. Benign 1. BPH hyperplasia: Etiology, pathophysiology, epidemiology, and natural history. In: Campbell-Walsh Urology. Philadelphia, Pa. Accessed Sept. Prostate enlargement Benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Management of benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH. American Urological Association. Cunningham GR, et al. Clinical manifestations and diagnostic 1. BPH of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Ferri FF. Benign prostatic hyperplasia. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor Wein AJ, et al. Evaluation and nonsurgical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Townsend CM Jr, et al. Urologic surgery. Transurethral procedures for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia. Rochester, Minn. Brown A. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 13, 1. BPH Castle EP expert opinion.
Minimally invasive and endoscopic management of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Foster HE, et al. Surgical management of lower urinary tract symptoms attributed to benign prostatic hyperplasia: AUA guideline. The Journal of Urology. Magistro G, et al. Emerging minimally invasive treatment options for male lower urinary tract symptoms. European Urology. Related Ablation therapy Bladder outlet obstruction Comparing normal and 1. BPH prostate glands Computerized tomography CT urogram Cystoscopy Enlarged prostate: Does diet play a role?
CDT One size does not 1. BPH all in benign prostatic hyperplasia treatment Nov. Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. Learn more about this top honor. Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books 1. BPH newsletters from Mayo Clinic.