Medical Management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) - UCLA Urology
Having an enlarged prostate gland is part of growing older. As the prostate grows, it becomes harder for men to urinate and fully empty the bladder. This leads to more frequent and urgent bathroom trips and even sometimes overflow urine BPH loop.
Fortunately, there are several effective treatment options, including medications and surgeries that can shrink the prostate and relieve urinary symptoms. The most common surgery used to treat an enlarged prostate is called transurethral resection of the prostateBPH loop called TURP for short.
TURP has been around for a long time. It has a solid track record but can have associated side effects perioperatively. These include low sodium levels in the blood, also known as hyponatremiaas well as bleeding. Read on to learn more. This walnut-sized gland sits between the bladder and pelvic floor muscles in front of the rectum.
Its job is to BPH loop fluid that mixes with sperm to form semen BPH loop ejaculation. Then it begins to grow, possibly due to changes in hormone production. An enlarged prostate is sometimes called benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH. As the prostate enlarges, it presses on the urethra, which is the tube that connects to the urinary bladder. Urine flows through the urethra on its way out of the penis.
This pressure squeezes and narrows the urethral lumen and can block the flow of urine. Doctors choose treatments for BPH based on the level of BPH loop in the prostate, your symptoms, and other factors. The most common treatments are:. During this procedure, the surgeon inserts a well-lighted scope into the urethra and BPH loop an electrical wire loop to cut and remove excess prostate tissue.
Button TURP, also called bipolar cautery vaporization, is a newer, less invasive variation of the procedure. Instead of a wire loop on the end of BPH loop scope, the surgeon uses a device with a small, button-shaped tip to vaporize prostate tissue. Button TURP uses low-temperature plasma energy, instead of heat or electrical energy, to remove prostate tissue. Once the extra tissue is removed, the area around it is sealed off to prevent bleeding.
Button, or bipolar, TURP is an umbrella term for a number of different treatments that aim to achieve the same overall outcome, but with different BPH loop, techniques, or device manufactures. Innovations in BPH loop procedure involve modifying the shape of the button or making slight changes to the surgical techniques.
One theoretical advantage of button TURP is that BPH loop the BPH loop stays inside the device. In regular TURP, the electric current can leave the wire and damage tissues around the prostate. Some studies have found that button TURP BPH loop complications, like bleeding after surgery.
It may also lessen the time men need BPH loop use a catheter BPH loop tube inside the urethra in the urinary bladder for irrigation or drainage after surgery. Yet other studies have found no difference in complication rates. During TURP, the surgeon washes out the surgical area with a low sodium solution to keep the area clean.
Because this solution can get into the bloodstream in greater amounts BPH loop the venous areas of resected prostate tissue, it can cause dilution to a below-normal sodium level in the bloodstream.
The reduced risk of TUR syndrome allows surgeons to spend more time doing the procedure. This means they can work on larger prostates or perform more complex surgeries with button TURP. It could possibly lead to more blockages in the prostatic urethra, an area of muscle in the urethra just below the urinary bladder, but some studies show otherwise.
This type of blockage can make it harder to urinate normally and empty the BPH loop fully. This procedure might be an option if you have:. Talk to your doctor about all of your treatment options. Ask about the pros and cons of each based on your situation. Then you can decide together whether button BPH loop is the best choice for you. Learn about the symptoms of BPH and how to ease them, complications from long-term BPH, and medical and surgical treatment options.
Explore traditional treatment options for an enlarged prostate, including medications such as alpha-blockers, surgeries like TUMT, and lifestyle…. Can natural remedies help relieve symptoms from an enlarged prostate? Here's what the research says. BPH happens when your prostate becomes enlarged, but cancer is not the cause.
A man's prostate continues BPH loop throughout most of his adult BPH loop. You may treat symptoms of an enlarged prostate with these over the counter medications.
Here are five BPH loop poses to help you relieve BPH loop of prostate enlargement BPH. Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate gland. Learn more about its symptoms and how your doctor can treat it. What is an enlarged prostate? What is button TURP? Benefits of button TURP. Disadvantages of button TURP. Traditional Treatment Methods for Enlarged Prostate. Enlarged Prostate: 9 Over-the-Counter Medications. Read this next. Medically reviewed by Daniel Murrell, MD.