Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
The Public Education Council improves the quality of resources the Foundation provides. The Council serves to develop, review and oversee the educational BPH Stent and programs the Foundation provides. Charitable Gift Planning is a powerful way to ensure your legacy in advancing urologic research and education to improve patients' lives.
BPH Stent provide free patient education materials on urologic health to patients, caregivers, community organizations, healthcare providers, students and the general public, pending availability. Take advantage by building your shopping cart now! Although prostate cancer treatment can be lifesaving, it can also take a toll on the body.
This can result in a disruption BPH Stent normal urinary, bowel and sexual function. Whether you have surgery, radiation or hormone therapy, you are likely to have side effects. You can get on track for good urologic health with better eating habits and small changes to your lifestyle.
Read our Living Healthy section to find healthy recipes and fitness tips to manage and prevent urologic conditions. At the Urology Care Foundation, we support research aimed at helping the millions of men, women and children who struggle with urologic cancer and disease. Normal and BPH Stent Prostate. BPH is an enlarged prostate. The first occurs early in puberty, when the prostate doubles in BPH Stent. The second phase of growth starts around age 25 and goes on for most of the rest of a man's life.
BPH most often occurs during this second growth phase. As the prostate enlarges, it presses against the urethra. The bladder wall becomes thicker. One day, the bladder may weaken and lose the ability to empty fully, leaving some urine in the bladder. BPH Stent of the urethra and urinary retention — being BPH Stent to empty the bladder fully — cause many of the problems of BPH.
BPH is benign. This means it is not cancer. It does not cause or lead to cancer. However, BPH and cancer can happen at the same time. BPH is common. About half of all men between ages 51 and 60 have BPH. It is about the size of a walnut and weighs about an BPH Stent. The prostate is BPH Stent below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It goes all the way around a tube called the urethrawhich carries urine from the bladder out through the penis. During ejaculationsperm made in the testicles moves to the urethra.
At the same time, fluid from the prostate and the seminal vesicles also moves into the urethra. This mixture — semen — goes through the urethra and out through the penis. When the prostate is enlarged, it can bother or block the bladder. Needing to urinate often is BPH Stent common symptom of BPH. This might be every 1 to 2 BPH Stent, mainly at night. If BPH becomes severe, you might not be able to urinate at all. This is an emergency that must be treated right away.
In most men, BPH gets worse with age. It can lead to bladder damage and infection. It can cause blood in the urine and cause kidney damage. The causes of BPH are not well-understood. Some researchers believe that factors related to aging and the testicles may cause BPH Stent. This is because BPH does not develop in men whose testicles were removed before puberty.
Throughout their lives, men produce both testosteronea male hormone, and small amounts of estrogena female hormone. As BPH Stent age, the amount of active testosterone in the blood lowers, leaving a higher share of estrogen.
Studies have suggested that BPH BPH Stent happen because the higher share of estrogen in the prostate adds to the activity of substances that start prostate cells to grow. Another theory points to dihydrotestosterone DHTa male hormone that plays a role in prostate development and growth. Some research has shown that, even when testosterone levels in the blood start to fall, high levels of DHT still build BPH Stent in the prostate. This may push prostate cells to continue to grow. Obesity, lack of staying active, and erectile dysfunction can also increase risk.
There is no sure way to stop BPH, but losing BPH Stent and eating a healthy diet that involves fruits and vegetables may help. This may BPH Stent to having too much body fat, may increase hormone levels and other factors in the blood, and stimulate the growth of prostate cells.
Staying active also helps control weight and hormone levels. See your doctor if you have symptoms that might be BPH. See your doctor right away if you have blood in your urine, pain or burning when BPH Stent urinate, or if you cannot urinate.
The score rates BPH from mild to severe. Take the test and talk with your doctor BPH Stent your results. Your doctor will review your Symptom Score and take a medical history. You will also have a physical exam that involves a digital rectal exam DRE. Your doctor may also want you BPH Stent have some or all of these tests:. Prostate-specific antigen PSA is a protein that is made only by the prostate. When BPH Stent prostate is healthy, very little PSA is found in the blood.
The test can be done in a lab, BPH Stent, or doctor's BPH Stent. No special preparation is needed. You should not ejaculate BPH Stent 2 days before a PSA test. A BPH Stent PSA is better for prostate health. A rapid rise in PSA may be a sign that something is wrong. Inflammation of the prostate, or prostatitisis another common cause of a high PSA level. Digital Rectal Exam of the Prostate. The DRE is done with the man bending over or lying curled on his side.
The doctor puts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to feel the BPH Stent and thickness of the prostate. The DRE can help your doctor find prostate problems. There are many options for treating BPH. You BPH Stent your doctor will decide together which treatment is right for you. Sometimes a mixture of treatments works best. Mild cases of BPH may not need treatment. If you and your doctor choose this treatment option, your BPH will be closely watched but not actively treated.
Diet and medicine can control your symptoms. You will have a yearly exam. If your symptoms get worse or if new symptoms appear, your doctor may suggest that you begin active treatment. Men with mild symptoms may be good candidates for this. Men with moderate symptoms that BPH Stent not bother them are also good candidates.
Alpha blockers BPH Stent pills that relax the muscles of the prostate and bladder. They BPH Stent urine flow, reduce blockage of the urethra, and reduce BPH symptoms. They do not reduce the size BPH Stent the prostate. Alpha-blocking drugs include alfuzosin Uroxatralterazosin HytrinBPH Stent Caduraand tamsulosin Flomax. One benefit of alpha blockers is they start to work right away. Side effects may include dizziness, lightheadedness, fatigue, and trouble BPH Stent.
Men with moderate to severe BPH and men who are bothered by their symptoms are good candidates. Alpha blockers are not a good choice for men who are about to have cataract surgery. They shrink the prostate and increase urine flow. These drugs include finasteride Proscar and dutasteride Avodart.
These drugs reduce the risk of BPH complications. They also make it less likely that you will need surgery. Side effects include erectile dysfunction and reduced libido sex drive. You must keep taking the pills to prevent symptoms from coming back.
In combination therapy, an alpha blocker and a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor are used together. Many studies, such as the Medical Therapy of Prostatic Symptoms MTOPS study, have shown that combining two types of medication, instead of using just one, can more effectively improve symptoms, urine flow, and quality of life.
Possible drug combinations include.