Prostatavergrößerung: Beschwerden, Symptome und Therapiemöglichkeiten
The prostate is a male gland about the size of a walnut located just behind the bladder and is part of the reproductive system. The prostate is a chestnut-shaped organ that surrounds the beginning of the urethra in men. It produces a milky fluid that is part of the seminal fluid discharged during ejaculation.
Male hormones androgens make the prostate grow. The testicles Podmore Prostatabehandlung the main source of male hormones, including testosterone. The adrenal gland also makes testosterone, but in small amounts. If the Podmore Prostatabehandlung grows too large, it squeezes the urethra. This may slow or stop the flow of urine from the bladder to the penis. The common term Podmore Prostatabehandlung an enlarged prostate is BPH, which stands for benign non-cancerous prostatic hyperplasia or hypertrophy.
Hyperplasia means that the prostate cells are dividing too rapidly, increasing the total Podmore Prostatabehandlung of cells and therefore the size of the organ itself.
Hypertrophy simply means enlargement. There is some research that suggests a diet rich in soy products, berries, sunflower seeds, and peanuts can contribute to prostate health, according to the American Cancer Society. The mineral zinc has also shown beneficial properties for the prostate. Natural Podmore Prostatabehandlung of zinc include pumpkin, sesame, and sunflower seeds, some nuts almonds, cashews, Brazil, and walnutsleafy Podmore Prostatabehandlung, and whole oats, and onions.
Podmore Prostatabehandlung supplements are also Podmore Prostatabehandlung in health food stores, pharmacies, and some supermarkets. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men in the United Podmore Prostatabehandlung, and Podmore Prostatabehandlung the second leading cause of cancer deaths. The National Cancer Institute estimates that in, new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed, and it will cause 27, deaths.
One in six men in the United States will be diagnosed with prostate cancer. Age is the main risk factor for prostate cancer. It is rarely seen in men younger than The chance Podmore Prostatabehandlung getting it increases as Podmore Prostatabehandlung man ages. Most men diagnosed with prostate cancer are older than Prostate cancer affects African American men Podmore Prostatabehandlung twice as often as it does Caucasian Podmore Prostatabehandlung, and the mortality rate among African Americans is also higher.
African Americans have the highest rate of prostate cancer in the world. BPH is often part of the aging process. The actual changes in the prostate may start as early as the 30s but take place very gradually, so that significant enlargement and Podmore Prostatabehandlung usually do Podmore Prostatabehandlung appear until after age Past this age the chances of the prostate enlarging and causing urinary symptoms become Podmore Prostatabehandlung greater.
Symptoms generally appear between the ages of 55 and The condition is viewed as rare in African Podmore Prostatabehandlung, but this finding may partly be due to the fact that black patients may have less access to medical care. Benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH —A non-cancerous condition of the prostate that causes growth of the prostate tissue, thus Podmore Prostatabehandlung the prostate and obstructing urination.
Prostate-specific antigen PSA —A blood test that helps in the early diagnosis of prostate cancer. Urethra —The tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body and Podmore Prostatabehandlung men carries semen during ejaculation. The precise cause of prostate cancer is not known.
However, there are several known risk factors for disease including being over the age of 55, African American heritage, a family history of the disease, occupational exposure to cadmium Podmore Prostatabehandlung rubber, and a high-fat diet. Studies suggest that men who eat a diet high in animal fat or meat may be at increased risk for prostate cancer, whereas men who eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables may have a lower risk. Men with high plasma blood testosterone levels may also have an increased risk for developing prostate cancer.
Frequently, prostate cancer has no symptoms and the disease is diagnosed when the patient goes for a routine screening examination. However, when the tumor is big or the cancer has spread to the nearby Podmore Prostatabehandlung, the following symptoms may be seen:. The cause of BPH is a mystery to medical researchers, but age-related changes in hormone levels Podmore Prostatabehandlung the blood may be a factor.
Whatever the cause, an enlarging prostate gradually narrows the urethra and obstructs the flow of urine. Even though the muscle in the bladder wall becomes stronger in an attempt to push urine through the smaller urethra, in time, the bladder fails to empty completely at each urination. When the enlarging prostate gland narrows the urethra, a man will have increasing trouble starting the urine stream.
Because some urine remains behind in the bladder, he will have to urinate more often, perhaps two or three times at night. Other symptoms of BPH are a weak and sometimes a split stream, and general aching or pain in the perineum the area between the scrotum and anus.
Some men may have considerable enlargement of the prostate before even mild symptoms develop. Prostate cancer is curable when detected early. Yet there are often no symptoms during the early stages of prostate cancer, so the disease Podmore Prostatabehandlung goes undetected until the patient has a routine physical examination. Diagnosis of prostate cancer can be made using some or all of the following tests: a digital rectal examination, blood tests, ultrasound, a needle biopsy, x rays, computed tomography CT scan, and magnetic resonance imaging Podmore Prostatabehandlung.
A smooth prostate surface suggests BPH, whereas a distinct lump in the gland might mean prostate cancer. The next step is a blood test for a substance called prostate-specific antigen PSA. A class of drugs called alpha-adrenergic blockers, which includes Podmore Prostatabehandlung and doxazosin, relax the muscle tissue surrounding the bladder outlet and lining the wall of the urethra to permit urine to flow more freely.
These drugs improve obstructive symptoms, but do not keep the prostate from enlarging. Other drugs, such as finasteride Proscar and dutasteride Avodart may stop prostate enlargement or even shrink the prostate. Symptoms may not, however, improve until the drug has been used for three months or longer. Another class of drugs, called alpha-blockers, such Podmore Prostatabehandlung terazosin Hytrin and Podmore Prostatabehandlung Flomaxrelax the muscles in the prostate and may relieve symptoms.
However, they do not shrink the prostate. When drugs fail Podmore Prostatabehandlung control the symptoms of BPH, Podmore Prostatabehandlung may be required. There are no known nutritional or dietetic concerns that play a role in prostate health or prostate conditions, such as cancer or BPH. In alternative medicine, saw palmetto, a dietary supplement usually sole in capsule form, is used to promote prostate health and to treat BPH.
Podmore Prostatabehandlung diet low in fat may slow the progression of prostate cancer. Hence, in order to reduce the risk of prostrate cancer, the American Cancer Society recommends a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and dietary fiber, and Podmore Prostatabehandlung in red meat and saturated fats.
Intake of lyco-pene, which is found in cooked tomatoes or tomato sauce, is also thought to help reduce the risk of prostate cancer. There is no known therapy for BPH. The five-year survival rate for early stage cancers is almost 99 percent. In a man without symptoms whose prostate is enlarged, it is hard to predict Podmore Prostatabehandlung urinary symptoms will develop and how rapidly they will progress.
Because the Podmore Prostatabehandlung of the cancer is not known, there Podmore Prostatabehandlung no definite way to prevent prostate cancer. However, the American Cancer Society recommends that all men over age 40 have an annual rectal exam and that men have an annual PSA test beginning at age Those who have a higher than average risk, including African American men and men Podmore Prostatabehandlung a family history of prostate cancer, should begin annual PSA testing even earlier, starting at age Whether or not BPH is caused by hormonal changes in aging men, there is no known way of preventing it.
Also, if Podmore Prostatabehandlung condition is treated before the prostate has become grossly enlarged, the risk of complications is minimal. One of the potentially most serious complications of BPH, urinary infection and possible infection of the kidneyscan be prevented by using a catheter to drain excess urine out of the bladder so that it Podmore Prostatabehandlung not collect, stagnate, and become infected.
American Cancer Society. Katz, Aaron E. No author. Antinoro, Linda. Faloon, William. MacDougall, David S. Podmore Prostatabehandlung, Mark. Perry, Patrick. BoxOklahoma City, OK Telephone: Canadian Cancer Society.
National Cancer Institute. BoxBaltimore, MD Inthe U. Congress formally defined the term as a product taken Podmore Prostatabehandlung mouth that contains a "dietary ingredient" intended to supplement the. The dietary ingredients in these products may include, herbs, Podmore Prostatabehandlung,organ tissues, glandulars, and. Dietary supplements can also be extracts or concentrates, and may be found in many forms, such as tablets, capsules, liquids, or powders.
Members Register Login. Login Register. Definition The prostate is a male gland about the size of a walnut located just behind the bladder and is part of the reproductive Podmore Prostatabehandlung. Description The prostate is a chestnut-shaped organ that surrounds the beginning of the urethra in men. Prostate cancer Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men Podmore Prostatabehandlung the United States, and is the second leading cause of cancer deaths. Benign —Non-cancerous.
Testosterone —A Podmore Prostatabehandlung sex hormone produced mainly by the testicles. Prostate cancer The precise cause of prostate cancer is not known. However, when the tumor is big or the cancer has spread to the nearby tissues, the following symptoms may be seen: Weak or interrupted flow of urine Frequent urination, especially at night Difficulty starting urination Inability to urinate Pain or a burning sensation when urinating Blood in the urine Persistent pain in the lower back, thighs, or hips Painful ejaculation.
Podmore Prostatabehandlung The cause of BPH is a mystery to medical researchers, but age-related changes in hormone levels in the blood may be a factor. Prostate cancer Prostate cancer is curable when detected early.