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Wales was born in Huntsville, Alabamawhere he attended Randolph School Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino, a university-preparatory school. Inhe and two partners founded Bomisa web portal featuring entertainment Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino adult content. Bomis provided the initial funding for the free peer-reviewed encyclopedia, Nupedia —and its successor, Wikipedia. On January 15,with Larry Sanger and others, Wales launched Wikipedia —a free, open-content encyclopedia that enjoyed rapid growth and popularity.
As Wikipedia's public profile grew, he became its promoter and spokesman. Though he is historically credited as co-founder, he has disputed this, declaring himself the sole founder. Wales serves on the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees, the charity that he helped establish to operate Wikipedia, holding its board-appointed "community founder" seat. For his role in creating Wikipedia, which has become the world's largest encyclopedia, Time named him one of " The Most Influential People in the World ".
Wales was born in Huntsville, Alabamashortly before midnight on August 7, ; however, his birth certificate lists his date of birth as August 8. As a child, Wales enjoyed reading. As he grew up and learned to read, it became an object of reverence, but Wales soon discovered that the World Book had shortcomings: no matter how much was in it, there were many more things that were not. World Book sent out stickers for owners to paste on the Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino in order to update the encyclopedia, and Wales was careful to put the stickers to work, stating, "I joke that I started as a kid revising the encyclopedia by stickering the one my mother bought.
During an interview in with Brian LambWales described his childhood private school as a " Montessori influenced philosophy of education", where he "spent lots of hours poring over the Britannicas and World Book Encyclopedias ". As an adult, Wales was sharply critical Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino the government's treatment of the school, citing the "constant interference and bureaucracy and very sort of snobby inspectors from the state" as a formative influence on his political philosophy.
After eighth grade, Wales attended Randolph School    a university-preparatory school in Huntsville, graduating at sixteen. During his studies in Alabama, he had become an obsessive player of Multi-User Dungeons MUDs —a type of virtual role-playing game —and thereby experienced the potential of computer networks to foster large-scale collaborative projects. Inspired by the remarkably successful initial public offering of Netscape inand having accumulated capital through "speculating on interest-rate and foreign-currency fluctuations",  Wales decided to leave the realm of financial trading and became an Internet entrepreneur.
Though Bomis had at the time struggled to make money, it provided Wales with the funding to pursue his greater passion, an online encyclopedia. The idea was to have thousands of volunteers writing articles for an online encyclopedia in all languages.
Initially we found ourselves organizing the work in a very top-down, structured, academic, old-fashioned way. It was no fun for the volunteer writers because we had a lot of academic peer review committees who would criticize articles and give feedback. It was like handing in an essay at grad school, and basically intimidating to participate in. Mertonbut being Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino intimidated to submit his first draft to the prestigious finance professors who were to peer review it, even though he had published a paper on Option Pricing Theory and was Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino with the subject matter.
Wales characterized this as the moment he realized that the Nupedia model was not going to work. In JanuarySanger was introduced to the concept of a wiki by extreme programming enthusiast Ben Kovitz after explaining to Kovitz the slow pace of growth Nupedia endured as a result of its onerous submission process.
The majority of Nupedia's experts, however, wanted nothing to do with this project, fearing that mixing amateur content with professionally researched and edited material would compromise the integrity of Nupedia's information and damage the credibility of the encyclopedia.
Originally, Bomis planned to make Wikipedia a profitable business. Wales feared that, at worst, it might produce "complete rubbish". Wales has said that he was initially so worried about the concept of open editing, where anyone can edit the encyclopedia, that he would awaken during the night and monitor what was being added. Sanger developed Wikipedia in its early phase and guided the project. Of course, other people had had the idea", adding, "the actual development of this encyclopedia was the task he gave me to work on.
Wales has asserted that he is the sole founder of Wikipedia,  and has publicly disputed Sanger's designation as a co-founder. Sanger and Wales were identified as co-founders at least as early as September by The New York Times and Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino founders in Wikipedia's first press release in January In lateWales edited his own biographical entry on the English Wikipedia. Writer Rogers Cadenhead drew attention to logs showing that in his edits to the page, Wales had removed references to Sanger as the co-founder of Wikipedia.
But this is a futile process because in our brave new world of transparent activity and maximum communication, the truth will out. In a interview with SlashdotWales outlined his vision for Wikipedia: "Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino of all human knowledge.
That's what we're doing. In the first interview, he said that while he "has always rejected" the term "benevolent dictator", he does refer to himself as the "constitutional monarch". In the second, he elaborated on his "constitutional monarch" designation, saying that, like the Queen, he has no real power.
Not to be too dramatic about it, but, 'to create and distribute a free encyclopedia of the highest possible quality to every single person on the planet in their own language,' that's who I am. That's what I am doing.
That's my life goal. Petersburg, Florida and later headquartered in San FranciscoCalifornia. Wales gives an annual "State Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino the Wiki" address at the Wikimania conference.
Wales's association with the foundation has led Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino controversy. In MarchWales was accused by former Wikimedia Foundation employee Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino Wool of misusing the foundation's funds for recreational purposes. Later in Marchit was claimed by Jeffrey Vernon Merkey that Wales had edited Merkey's Wikipedia entry to make it more favorable in return for donations to the Wikimedia Foundation, an allegation Wales dismissed as "nonsense".
Twenty days later, on November 24, Wales appeared on the British Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino debate television program Question Time. In Mayit was reported that Wales was advising the UK government on how to make taxpayer-funded academic research available on the internet Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino no cost. In Januaryit was announced that Wales had joined The People's Operator as co-chair of the mobile phone network.
On May 26,Google appointed Wales to serve on a seven-member committee on privacy in response to Google v. Gonzalezwhich led to Google's being inundated Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino requests to remove websites from their search results. Wales said he wanted the committee to be viewed as "a blue-ribbon panel" by lawmakers and for the committee to advise the lawmakers as well as Google. InWales announced that he is launching an online publication called WikiTribunewith a goal to fight fake news through a combination of professional journalists and volunteer contributors.
Wales described it as "news by the people and for the people", and that it will be the "first time that professional journalists and citizen journalists will work side-by-side as equals writing stories as they happen, editing them live as they develop, and at all times backed by a community checking and rechecking all facts".
Wales is a self-avowed Objectivist referring to the philosophy invented by writer Ayn Rand in the midth century that emphasizes reasonindividualismand capitalism. Wales first encountered the philosophy through reading Rand's novel Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino Fountainhead during his undergraduate Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino  and, infounded an electronic mailing list devoted to "Moderated Discussion of Objectivist Philosophy".
When asked if he could trace "the Ayn Rand connection" to a personal political philosophy at the time of the interview, Wales labeled himself a Prostata-Massage auf Novokosinoqualifying Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino remark by referring to the U. Libertarian Party as "lunatics", and citing "freedom, liberty, basically individual rights, that idea of dealing with other people in a manner that is not initiating force against them" as his guiding principles.
An interview with Wales served as the cover feature of the June issue of the libertarian magazine Reason. Prior toWales attended George Soros 's birthday. In a Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino with The Independenthe expressed sympathy with the Occupy Wall Street and Occupy London protesters, saying, "You don't have to be a socialist to say it's not right to take money from everybody and give it to a few rich people. That's not free enterprise. InWales signed up as the committee chair for Lawrence Lessig 's presidential campaign.
InWales and eleven other business leaders signed on to an open letter to American voters urging them not to vote for Donald Trump in that year's United States presidential election.
In Mayhe said on Quora Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino he is a Centrist and a Gradualist and believes "that slow step-by-step change is better and more sustainable and allows us to Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino new things with a minimum of difficult Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino in society.
Wales stated that he would rather see companies such as Google adhere to Wikipedia's policy of freedom of information. The essence of wiki is a collaborative editing process".
Wales cites Austrian School economist Friedrich Hayek 's essay, " The Use of Knowledge in Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino ", which he read as an undergraduate,  as "central" to his thinking about "how to manage the Wikipedia project".
He was particularly moved by " The Cathedral and the Bazaar ", an essay which was later adapted into a book of the same nameby Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino of the founders of the movement, Eric S. Raymondas it "opened [his] eyes to the possibilities of mass collaboration. From his background in finance, and Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino as a futures and options trader, Wales developed an Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino in game theory and the effect of incentives on human collaborative activity.
He identifies this fascination as a significant basis for his developmental work on the Wikipedia project. Senator Joseph Lieberman introduced Wales by stating:. We are very glad to have as a witness Jimmy Wales, the founder of Wikipedia, one of the most thrilling examples of what collaborative technology Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino produce. Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino have asked Mr.
Wales to Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino us through some of the ideas behind Wikipedia and then to relate them to our jurisdiction, which is to say to help us understand how similar technologies and collaborative activities can be applied to government for greater information sharing and communication, both within the government, but also between the government and the public.
In fact, quite encouragingly, the intelligence community has already developed and is using a process collaborative technology that they call Intellipediawhich is based directly on the Wikipedia model.
So Mr. Wales, if imitation is a form of flattery, you should feel flattered. And the aim of this is to foster collaboration and information across the intelligence community, obviously on a closed site. On May 14,Wales strongly reacted to the European Court of Justice ECJ 's ruling on the right of individuals to request the removal of information from Google's search results. He stated to the BBC that the ruling was "one of the most wide-sweeping internet censorship rulings that I've ever seen".
The May ECJ ruling required swift action from Google to implement a process that allowed people to directly contact the corporation about the removal of information that they believe is outdated or irrelevant. Google's Larry Page revealed Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino 30 percent of requests Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino by Google since the ruling was made were categorized as "other".
Wales explained in email responses that he was contacted by Google on May 28,and "The remit of the committee is to hold public hearings and issue recommendations—not just to Google but to legislators and Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino public. I think the decision will have no impact on people's right to privacy, because I don't regard truthful information in court records published by court order in a newspaper to be private Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino.
If anything, the decision is likely to simply muddle the interesting philosophical questions and make it more difficult to make real progress on privacy issues.
In the case of truthful, non-defamatory information obtained legally, I think there is no possibility of any defensible "right" to censor what other people are saying. It is important to avoid language like "data" because we aren't talking about "data"—we are talking about the suppression of knowledge. Wales then provided further explanation, drawing a comparison with Wikipedia: "You do not have a right to use the law to prevent Wikipedia editors from writing truthful information, nor do you have a right to use the law to prevent Google from publishing truthful information.
Inthe Home Secretary of the Prostata-Massage auf Novokosino. What needs to happen next is a serious reconsideration of the UK extradition treaty that would allow this sort of nonsense in the first place.
In AugustWales criticized U. Prime Minister David Cameron 's plan for an Internet porn-filter, saying that the idea was "ridiculous. He has said that he is "a strong supporter of Israel". Jimmy Wales has been married three times. At the age of twenty, he married Pamela Green,  a co-worker at a grocery store in Alabama.