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Under Hitler's rule, Germany was transformed into a totalitarian state where nearly all aspects of life were controlled by the government. Hindenburg died on 2 August and Hitler became dictator of Germany by merging the offices and powers of the Chancellery and Presidency. A national referendum held 19 August confirmed Hitler as sole Führer leader of Germany.
All Prostata-Massage oder Sport was centralised in Hitler's person and his word became the highest law. The government was not a coordinated, co-operating body, but a collection of factions struggling for power and Hitler's favour.
In the midst of the Great Depressionthe Nazis restored Prostata-Massage oder Sport stability and ended mass unemployment using heavy military spending and a mixed economy.
Using deficit spendingthe regime undertook extensive public works, including the construction of Autobahnen motorways. The return to economic stability boosted the regime's popularity. Racismespecially antisemitismwas a central ideological feature of the regime. The Germanic peoples were considered by the Nazis to be the master racethe purest branch of the Aryan race.
Discrimination and persecution against Jews and Romani people began in earnest after the seizure of power. The first concentration camps were established in March Jews and others deemed undesirable were imprisoned, and Prostata-Massage oder Sport, socialists, and communists were killed, imprisoned, or exiled. Christian churches and citizens that opposed Hitler's rule were oppressed, and many leaders imprisoned. Education focused on racial biologypopulation policy, and fitness for military service.
Career and educational Prostata-Massage oder Sport for women were curtailed. Recreation and tourism were organised via the Strength Through Joy program, and the Summer Olympics showcased Germany on the international stage. Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels made effective use Prostata-Massage oder Sport film, mass rallies, and Hitler's hypnotic oratory to influence public opinion. The government controlled artistic expression, promoting specific art forms and banning or discouraging others.
The Nazi regime dominated neighbours through military threats in the years leading up to war. Nazi Germany made increasingly aggressive territorial demands, threatening war if these were not met. It seized Austria and almost all of Czechoslovakia in and By earlyGermany controlled much of Europe. Reichskommissariats took control of conquered areas and a German administration was established in the remainder of Poland.
Germany exploited the raw materials and labour of both its occupied territories and its allies. Einsatzgruppen paramilitary death squads inside the occupied territories conducted mass killings of millions of Jews and other peoples deemed undesirable by the state.
Many others were imprisoned, worked to deathor murdered in Nazi concentration camps and extermination camps. This genocide is known as the Holocaust. While the German invasion of the Soviet Union in was initially successful, the Soviet resurgence and entry of the United States into the war meant the Wehrmacht German armed forces lost the initiative on the Eastern Front in and by late had been pushed back to the pre border.
Large-scale aerial bombing of Germany escalated in and Prostata-Massage oder Sport Axis powers were driven back in Eastern and Southern Europe. After the Allied invasion of FranceGermany was conquered by the Soviet Union from the east and the other Allies from the west, and capitulated in May Hitler's refusal to admit defeat led to massive destruction of German infrastructure and additional war-related deaths in the closing months of the war.
The victorious Allies initiated a policy of denazification and put many of the surviving Nazi leadership on trial for war crimes at the Nuremberg trials. Germany was known as the Weimar Republic during the years to It was a republic with a semi-presidential system. The Weimar Republic faced numerous problems, including hyperinflationpolitical extremism including violence from left- and right-wing paramilitariescontentious relationships with the Allied victors of World War Iand a series of failed attempts at coalition government by divided political parties.
The government printed money to make the payments Prostata-Massage oder Sport to repay the country's war debt, but the resulting hyperinflation led to inflated prices for consumer goods, economic chaos, and food riots.
It was the renamed successor of the German Workers' Party DAP formed one year earlier, and one of several far-right political parties then active in Germany. Prostata-Massage oder Sport the stock market in the United States crashed on 24 Octoberthe effect in Germany was dire.
They promised to Prostata-Massage oder Sport the economy and provide jobs. Although the Nazis won the greatest share of the popular vote in the two Reichstag general elections ofthey did not have a majority. Hitler therefore led a short-lived coalition government formed with the German National People's Party. This event is known as the Machtergreifung "seizure of power". On the night of 27 Februarythe Reichstag building was set afire. Marinus van der Lubbea Dutch communist, was found Prostata-Massage oder Sport of starting the blaze.
Hitler proclaimed that the arson marked the start of a communist uprising. The Reichstag Fire Decreeimposed on 28 Februaryrescinded most civil liberties, including rights of assembly and freedom of the press.
The decree also allowed the police to detain people indefinitely without charges. The legislation was accompanied by a propaganda campaign that led to public support for the measure. Violent suppression of communists by the SA was undertaken nationwide and 4, members of the Communist Party of Germany were arrested.
In Marchthe Enabling Actan amendment to the Weimar Constitutionpassed in the Reichstag by a vote of to The remaining major political parties followed suit. The founding of new parties was also made illegal, and all remaining political parties which had not already Prostata-Massage oder Sport dissolved were banned.
The Hitler cabinet used the terms Prostata-Massage oder Sport the Reichstag Fire Decree and later the Enabling Act to initiate the Prostata-Massage oder Sport of Gleichschaltung "co-ordination"which brought all aspects of life under party control.
These Commissars had the power to appoint and remove local governments, state Prostata-Massage oder Sport, officials, and judges. In this way Germany became a de facto unitary statewith all state governments controlled by the Prostata-Massage oder Sport government under the NSDAP.
All civilian organisations, including agricultural groups, volunteer organisations, and sports clubs, had their leadership replaced with Nazi sympathisers or party members; these civic organisations either merged with the NSDAP or faced dissolution. The day after, SA stormtroopers demolished union offices around the country; all trade unions were forced to dissolve and their leaders were arrested.
The Nazi regime abolished the symbols of the Weimar Republic—including the black, red, and gold tricolour flag —and adopted reworked symbolism.
The previous imperial black, white, and red tricolour was restored as one of Germany's two official flags; the second was the swastika flag of the NSDAP, which became the sole national flag in Prostata-Massage oder Sport was still in a dire economic situation, as six million people were unemployed Prostata-Massage oder Sport the balance of trade deficit was daunting.
The SA leadership continued Prostata-Massage oder Sport apply pressure for greater political and military power. On 2 AugustProstata-Massage oder Sport died. The previous day, the cabinet had enacted the "Law Concerning the Highest State Office of the Reich", which stated that upon Hindenburg's death the office of president would be abolished and its powers merged with those of the chancellor.
The new law provided an altered loyalty oath for servicemen so that they affirmed loyalty to Hitler personally rather than the office of supreme commander or the state. Most Germans were relieved that the conflicts and street fighting of the Weimar era had ended. They were Prostata-Massage oder Sport with propaganda orchestrated by Minister of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda Joseph Goebbelswho promised peace and plenty for all in a united, Marxist-free country without the constraints of the Versailles Treaty.
Beginning in Aprilscores of measures defining the status of Jews and their rights were instituted. Eventually the Nazis declared the Jews as undesirable to remain among German citizens and society.
In the early years of the regime, Germany was without allies, and its military was drastically weakened by the Versailles Treaty. Poland suggested to France that the two nations engage in a preventive war against Germany in March Fascist Italy objected to German claims in the Balkans and on Austriawhich Benito Mussolini considered to be Prostata-Massage oder Sport Italy's sphere of influence. As early Prostata-Massage oder Sport FebruaryHitler announced that rearmament must begin, albeit clandestinely at first, as to do so was in violation of the Versailles Treaty.
On 17 MayHitler gave a speech before the Reichstag outlining his desire for world peace and accepted an offer from American President Franklin D. Roosevelt for military disarmament, provided the other nations of Europe did the same. InHitler told his military leaders that a war in the east should begin in When the Italian invasion of Ethiopia led to only mild protests by the British and French governments, on 7 March Hitler used the Franco-Soviet Treaty of Mutual Assistance as a pretext to order the army to march 3, troops into the Prostata-Massage oder Sport zone in the Rhineland in violation of the Versailles Treaty.
Hitler Prostata-Massage oder Sport military supplies and assistance to the Nationalist forces of General Francisco Franco in the Spanish Civil Warwhich began in July The German Condor Legion included a range of aircraft and their crews, as well as a tank contingent. The aircraft of Prostata-Massage oder Sport Legion destroyed the city of Guernica in Schuschnigg scheduled a plebiscite regarding Austrian independence for 13 March, but Hitler sent an ultimatum to Schuschnigg on 11 March demanding that he hand over all power to the Austrian NSDAP or face an invasion.
German troops entered Austria the next day, to be greeted with enthusiasm by the populace. The Republic of Czechoslovakia was home to a substantial minority of Germans, who lived mostly in the Sudetenland.
Under Prostata-Massage oder Sport from separatist groups within the Sudeten German Partythe Czechoslovak government offered economic concessions to the region. The crisis led to war preparations by Britain, Czechoslovakia, and France Czechoslovakia's Prostata-Massage oder Sport. Attempting to avoid war, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain arranged a series of meetings, the result of which was the Munich Agreementsigned on 29 September The Czechoslovak government was forced to accept the Sudetenland's annexation into Germany.
Chamberlain was greeted with cheers when he landed in London, saying the agreement brought "peace for our time". Austrian and Czech foreign exchange reserves were seized by the Nazis, as were stockpiles of raw materials such as metals and completed goods such as weaponry and aircraft, which were shipped to Germany.
The Reichswerke Hermann Prostata-Massage oder Sport industrial conglomerate took control of steel and coal production facilities in both countries. In JanuaryGermany signed a Prostata-Massage oder Sport pact with Poland.
The British announced they would come to the aid of Poland if it was Prostata-Massage oder Sport. Hitler, believing the British would not actually take action, ordered an invasion plan should be readied for September He expected this time they would be Prostata-Massage oder Sport by force.
The Germans reaffirmed their alliance with Italy and signed non-aggression pacts with Denmark, Estonia, and Latvia whilst trade links were formalised with Romania, Norway, and Sweden. Germany's wartime foreign policy involved the creation of allied governments controlled directly or indirectly from Berlin. They Prostata-Massage oder Sport to obtain soldiers from allies such as Italy and Hungary and workers and food supplies from allies such as Vichy France.
Prostata-Massage oder Sport signed the pact on 17 November. German efforts to secure oil included negotiating a supply from their new ally, Romaniawho signed the Pact on 23 November, alongside the Slovak Republic.