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Vitaprost Fort Belgorod is situated on the River Vezyolka near its confluence with the Seversky Donets, which flows south into Ukraine, past Donetsk before vitaprost Fort Belgorod Russia near Rostov-on-Don. The border vitaprost Fort Belgorod only 25 miles to the southwest, thus making Belgorod the closest major Russian city to Ukraine.
Belgorod was generally considered to have been founded in or during the reign of Tsar Feodorson of Ivan the Terrible and last ruler in the Riurikid dynasty.
The Belgorod fortress became the anchor in what was known in the 17 th century as the Belgorod Line, an important bulwark against incursions by Crimean Tatars. Inhowever, the prominent archeologist Boris Rybakov advanced evidence to suggest that Belgorod was located on the site of a fort created toward the end of the 10 th century during the time of Kievan Vitaprost Fort Belgorod to guard against attacks by steppe peoples such as the Pechenegs and Khazars.
Indeed, modern Belgorod has a prominent statue to Grand Prince Vladimir of Kiev, who accepted Orthodox Christianity for his realm in By the 11 th century the earlier Belgorod settlement was apparently part of the Pereslavl principality, although disputes continue as vitaprost Fort Belgorod its precise location.
In the fortress established by Tsar Feodor was seized and burned by Polish forces during a dynastic crisis known as the Time of Troubles. Rebuilt at a slightly different location, the fortress was subject to numerous other raids.
With the absorption of Ukrainian lands into the Muscovite state in the latter part of the 17 th century, the military significance of Vitaprost Fort Belgorod decreased, and in the 18 th century it became a provincial administrative and trading center.
A major stimulus to its development occurred in with the opening of a railroad station, part of the Kursk-Kharkov line. Additional lines to the south transformed Belgorod into a major rail junction. How to get there: Take a regular plane from Moscow to get to Belgorod 5 filghts every day; travel time: 1 hour.
You can also take a regular train from Moscow or St. Petersburg 9 trains every day; travel time hours. After the collapse of the Russian Empire inBelgorod witnessed frequent changes in power by warring factions — Red, White, Ukrainian vitaprost Fort Belgorod Russian. Soviet power was consolidated vitaprost Fort Belgorod the region by the end of On Oct.
Harsh occupation during stimulated the rise of a local partisan movement. With the German catastrophe at Stalingradthe Red Army moved rapidly westward and retook Belgorod on February On March 18, Belgorod was again seized and remained under German control until the summer. In Moscow, a massive artillery salute ordered by Stalin celebrated the victory, thus beginning a practice that would last through the war.
Belgorod, however, lay in ruins. Although a few churches survived, almost every vitaprost Fort Belgorod in the center of the city was destroyed or severely damaged. Thousands of people were executed during the occupation, and Belgorod was essentially depopulated after the prolonged struggle.
Massive reconstruction efforts soon restored Belgorod as a major administrative and transportation point. With a steadily increasing population now almost, contemporary Belgorod has a diversified economy combining industry, agriculture and commerce.
The appearance of the city has benefited vitaprost Fort Belgorod relative prosperity and effective management. The Orthodox Church has also played a prominent role in restoring and building churches.
Belgorod has a number of churches built sinceand they deserve a separate survey. Nicholas at the Mary-Martha Convent. Severely damaged during the Soviet period, the cathedral was returned to the Orthodox Church in the s vitaprost Fort Belgorod now has a new icon screen by the artist Alexander Vitaprost Fort Belgorod.
Also dating from the 18 th century is the Cathedral of the Smolensk Icon of vitaprost Fort Belgorod Virgin, vitaprost Fort Belgorod in two phases with altars on the upper and lower vitaprost Fort Belgorod.
Two attempts were made to demolish the solid structure in andbut the explosives only damaged neighboring buildings. The cathedral was reconsecrated in The primary shrine of Belgorod is the Cathedral of the Transfiguration, which serves as the center of the Eparchy of Belgorod and Stary Oskol.
Consecrated inthe cathedral has numerous altars. It is especially known for the relics of the revered Bishop Joasaphus of Belgorodwhose canonization in was celebrated with great solemnity in Belgorod.
Confiscated inthe relics were returned to the reconsecrated cathedral in The heart of Belgorod centers on what is once again called Cathedral Square in homage to the former Trinity Cathedral, demolished in The north flank of the square is occupied by the large Regional Administration Building, which also includes Philharmonic Hall. On the opposite side is the Drama Theater with its monumental portico. Both of these buildings were centerpieces in the post-war reconstruction of the city.
The west side of Cathedral Square is marked by the Eternal Flame, a memorial to sacrifices during the war. Of particular interest is the Belgorod Regional Art Museum, a young institution established in and devoted to Russian art since the beginning of the 20 th century. Inthe museum moved into an exuberant new building designed by Vitaly Pertsev and V.
Its asymmetrical design and vividly ornamented facades suggest the work of Fyodor Shekhtel in the Russian style moderne at the beginning of the 20 th century. Beyond Victory Park vitaprost Fort Belgorod the west is the main vitaprost Fort Belgorod of Belgorod State University, which dates its founding to Init became a state university and has since undergone rapid expansion.
The buildings in this impressive complex along the Vezyolka River date from the beginning of this century and include the Church of the Archangel Gabriel, whose entrance takes the form of an open vitaprost Fort Belgorod with the Ten Commandments on one side and the Beatitudes on the other. Across the Vezyolka on the far side of the university is an expansive sports center dedicated to local hero Svetlana Khorkina, multiple Olympic champion and one of the most successful gymnasts of the modern era.
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