Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) and Rezūm
Related to oophorectomy: ovarian cyst. It is also called ovariectomy or ovarian ablation. If one ovary is removed, a woman may continue BPH oophorectomy menstruate and have children. If both ovaries are removed, menstruation stops and a woman loses the ability to have children. In an oophorectomy, one or a portion of one ovary may be removed or both ovaries may be removed.
When oophorectomy is done to treat ovarian cancer or other spreading cancers, both ovaries BPH oophorectomy always removed. This is called a bilateral oophorectomy. Oophorectomies are sometimes performed on pre-menopausal women who have estrogen-sensitive breast BPH oophorectomy in an effort to remove the main source BPH oophorectomy estrogen from their bodies. This procedure has become less common than BPH oophorectomy was in the s. Today, chemotherapy drugs are available that alter the production of estrogen and tamoxifen blocks any of the effects any remaining estrogen may have on cancer cells.
In younger women with low-grade or early-stage ovarian tumors who have not yet completed their families, the surgeon may perform BPH oophorectomy unilateral oophorectomy.
This approach is called fertility-saving or fertility-sparing surgery. Women who are appropriate candidates for this type of oophorectomy do not have higher rates of cancer recurrence than women who have both ovaries removed.
BPH oophorectomy the s, women over age 40 having hysterectomies surgical removal of the uterus routinely had healthy ovaries and fallopian tubes removed at the same time. This operation is called a BPH oophorectomy salpingo-oophorectomy. Many physicians reasoned that a woman over 40 was approaching menopause and soon her ovaries would stop secreting estrogen and releasing eggs.
Removing the ovaries would eliminate the risk of ovarian cancer and only accelerate menopause by a few years. In the s, the thinking about routine oophorectomy began to change. Meanwhile, removing the ovaries increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and BPH oophorectomy osteoporosis unless a woman takes prescribed hormone replacements. In addition, other studies BPH oophorectomy that a bilateral oophorectomy increases a woman's risk of developing thyroid cancer.
Women with BPH oophorectomy endometriosis can often be successfully treated with birth control pills or other hormone BPH oophorectomy without having to undergo surgery. BPH oophorectomy certain circumstances, oophorectomy may still be the treatment of choice to prevent breast and ovarian cancer in certain high-risk women.
Women between the ages of 40 and 50 showed less risk reduction, and there was no significant reduction of breast cancer risk in women over age For women at increased risk, oophorectomy may be considered after the age of 35 if childbearing is complete.
The BPH oophorectomy of ovary BPH oophorectomy in preventing both breast and ovarian cancer has been documented. However, there are disagreements within the medical community BPH oophorectomy when and at BPH oophorectomy age this treatment should be offered.
Preventative oophorectomy, called preventative bilateral oophorectomy PBOis not always covered by insurance. There are situations in which oophorectomy is a medically wise choice for women who have a family history of breast or ovarian cancer.
However, women with healthy ovaries who are undergoing hysterectomy for reasons other than cancer should discuss with their doctors the benefits and disadvantages of having their ovaries removed at the time of the hysterectomy.
It is important for women to ask questions about the long-term risks of a bilateral BPH oophorectomy one study published in reported that many women awaiting surgery felt that they did not have adequate information about their treatment options and were unaware of the possible long-term consequences to health.
Oophorectomy is done under general anesthesia. It is performed through the same type of incision, either vertical or horizontal, as an abdominal hysterectomy. Horizontal incisions leave a less noticeable scar, but vertical incisions give the surgeon a better view of the abdominal cavity. After the incision is made, the abdominal muscles are pulled apart, BPH oophorectomy cut, so that the surgeon can see the ovaries. Then the ovaries, and often the fallopian tubes, are removed.
Oophorectomy can sometimes be done with a laparoscopic procedure. With this surgery, a tube containing a tiny lens and light source is inserted BPH oophorectomy a small incision in the navel. A BPH oophorectomy can be attached that allows the surgeon to see the abdominal cavity on a video monitor.
When the ovaries are detached, they are removed though a small incision at the top of the vagina. The ovaries can also be cut into smaller sections and removed. The advantages of abdominal incision are that the ovaries can be removed even if a woman has many adhesions BPH oophorectomy previous surgery.
The surgeon gets a good view of the abdominal cavity and can check the surrounding tissue for disease. A vertical abdominal incision is mandatory if cancer is suspected.
The disadvantages are that bleeding is more likely to be a complication of this type of operation. The operation is more painful than a laparoscopic operation and the recovery period is longer.
A woman can expect to be in the hospital two to five days and will need three to six weeks to return to normal activities. Before BPH oophorectomy, the doctor will order blood and urine tests, and any additional tests such as ultrasound or x rays to help the surgeon visualize the woman's condition. The woman may also meet with the anesthesiologist to evaluate any special conditions that might BPH oophorectomy the administration of anesthesia. A colon preparation may be done, if extensive surgery is anticipated.
On the evening before the operation, the woman should eat BPH oophorectomy light dinner, then take nothing by mouth, including water or other liquids, after midnight. After surgery a woman will feel some discomfort. The degree of discomfort varies and BPH oophorectomy generally greatest with abdominal incisions, because the abdominal muscles must be stretched out of the way so BPH oophorectomy the surgeon can reach the ovaries.
When both ovaries are removed, women who do not have cancer are started on hormone replacement therapy to ease the symptoms of menopause that occur because estrogen BPH oophorectomy by the ovaries is no longer present. If even part of one ovary remains, it will produce enough estrogen that a woman will continue to menstruate, unless her uterus was removed in a hysterectomy. Antibiotics are given to reduce the risk of post-surgery infection.
Return to normal activities takes anywhere from two to six BPH oophorectomy, depending on the type of surgery. When women have cancer, chemotherapy or radiation are BPH oophorectomy given in addition to surgery. BPH oophorectomy women have emotional trauma following an oophorectomy, and can benefit from counseling and support groups. Oophorectomy is a relatively BPH oophorectomy operation, although, like all major surgery, it does carry some risks. These include unanticipated reaction to anesthesia, internal bleeding, blood clotsaccidental damage to other organs, and post-surgery infection.
Complications after an oophorectomy include changes in sex drive, hot flashes, and other symptoms of menopause if both ovaries are removed. Women who have both ovaries removed and who do not take estrogen replacement therapy run an increased risk for cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. Women with a history of psychological and emotional problems before an oophorectomy are more likely to experience BPH oophorectomy difficulties after the operation.
If the surgery is successful, the ovaries will be removed without complication, and the underlying problem resolved. In the case of cancer, all the cancer will be removed. Complications BPH oophorectomy arise if the surgeon finds that cancer has spread to other places in the abdomen. If the cancer cannot be removed by surgery, it must be treated with BPH oophorectomy and radiation. Beers, Mark H. BPH oophorectomy, Kenneth R. Abu-Rafeh, B. Vilos, and M. Ayhan, A. Celik, C. Tskiran, et al.
Bhavnani, V. Bleiker, E. Hahn, and N. Jenkins, M. Nehrebecky, and L. Itoh, H. Ishihara, H. Koita, et al. Lane, G. Sainsbury, R. American Cancer Society. BoxBPH oophorectomy, DC Cyst — An abnormal sac containing fluid or semisolid material. Ectopic pregnancy BPH oophorectomy A pregnancy that develops when a fertilized BPH oophorectomy implants outside the uterus, usually in the Fallopian tubes, but sometimes in the ovary itself.
Endometriosis — A benign condition that occurs when cells from the lining of the uterus begin BPH oophorectomy outside the uterus. Fallopian tubes — BPH oophorectomy tubes that carry ova from the ovaries to BPH oophorectomy uterus. Hysterectomy — Surgical removal of the uterus.
Osteoporosis — The excessive loss of calcium from the bones, causing the bones to become fragile and break easily. Polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS — A condition in which the eggs are not released from the ovaries and instead form multiple cysts.
BPH oophorectomy this is done to a girl who has not yet reached puberty, it prevents the development of secondary sex characters. If both ovaries are removed from an adult woman, reproduction is not possible and the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are no longer produced. Called also ovariectomy. Also called ovariectomy. Excision of one or both ovaries. Synonym s : oophorectomy.