Ich war mal eben in Saratov
Founded in the 12th century, the Principality of Muscovy was able to emerge from over years of Mongol domination 13thth centuries and to gradually conquer and absorb surrounding principalities. During the 19th century, more territorial acquisitions were made in Europe and Asia.
Defeat in the Russo-Japanese War of contributed geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov the Revolution ofwhich resulted in the formation of a parliament and other reforms.
Following economic and political turmoil during President Boris YELTSIN's termRussia shifted toward a centralized authoritarian state under President Vladimir PUTINpresent in which the regime seeks to legitimize its rule through managed elections, populist appeals, a foreign policy focused on enhancing the country's geopolitical influence, and commodity-based economic growth. Russia faces a largely subdued rebel movement in Chechnya and some other surrounding regions, although violence still occurs geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov the North Caucasus.
Russia has undergone significant changes since the collapse of the Soviet Union, moving from a centrally planned economy towards a more market-based system. Both economic growth and reform have stalled in recent years, however, and Russia remains a predominantly statist economy with a high concentration of wealth in officials' hands. Economic reforms in the s privatized most industry, with notable exceptions in the energy, transportation, banking, and defense-related sectors.
The protection of property rights is still weak, and the state continues to interfere in the free geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov of the private sector. Russia is one of the world's leading producers of oil and natural gas, and is also a top exporter of metals such as steel and primary aluminum.
Russia is heavily dependent on the movement of world commodity prices as reliance on commodity exports makes it vulnerable to boom and bust cycles that follow the volatile swings in global prices. A combination of falling oil prices, international sanctions, and structural limitations pushed Russia into a deep recession inwith GDP falling by close to 2. The downturn continued throughwith GDP contracting another 0.
Government support for import substitution has increased recently in an effort to diversify the economy away from extractive industries. We read every letter or e-mail we receive, and we will convey your comments to CIA officials outside OPA as appropriate.
Geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov, with limited staff and resources, we simply cannot respond to all who write to us. Submit questions or comments online. Contact the Office of Privacy and Civil Liberties.
Contact the Office of Inspector General. Contact the Employment Verification Office. Please geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov our site mapsearch feature, or our site navigation on the left to locate the information you seek. We do not routinely respond to questions for which answers are found within this Web site. Employment : Geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov do not routinely answer questions geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov employment beyond the information on this Web site, and we do not routinely answer inquiries about the status of job applications.
Recruiting geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov contact applicants within 45 days if their qualifications meet our needs. People from nearly every country share information with CIA, and new individuals contact us daily.
If you have information you think might interest Geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov due to our foreign intelligence collection mission, there are many ways to reach us. If you know of an imminent threat to a location inside the U. For threats outside the U. Embassy or Consulate and ask for the information to be passed to a U. Please know, CIA does not engage in law enforcement. In addition to the options below, individuals contact CIA in a variety of creative ways. The best method depends on your personal situation.
We will work to protect all information you provide, including your identity, and our interactions with you will be respectful and professional. Depending on what you provide, we may offer you compensation. We cannot guarantee a response to every message. We reply first to messages of greater interest to us and to those with more detail. Our response will occur via a secure method. Internet: Send a message here. Or, you can send us a message using the Tor browser at ciadotgov4sjwlzihbbgxnqg3xiyrg7so2r2o3lt5wz5ypk4sxyjstad.
We go to great lengths to keep these channels secure, but any communication via the internet poses some risk. You can also mail a letter to a U. Embassy or Consulate and request it be forwarded to CIA. Please note we have no control over the security and reliability of postal mail. In-Person: Outside geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov U. Embassy or Consulate and inform a U. Third Party: Have someone you trust travel to geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov less restrictive environment and deliver the information via one of the above methods.
Prior to geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov June, the last explosive eruption had occurred in with eruptions in,and also producing lava flows. This detailed photograph is exciting to volcanologists because it captures several phenomena that occur during the geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov stages of an explosive volcanic eruption.
The main column is one of a series of plumes that rose above Matua Island on June The plume appears to be a combination geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov brown ash and white steam. The vigorously rising plume gives the steam a bubble-like appearance; the surrounding atmosphere has been shoved up by the shock wave of the eruption. The smooth white cloud on top may be water condensation that resulted from rapid rising and cooling geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov the air mass above the ash column, and is probably a transient feature the eruption plume is starting to punch through.
The structure also indicates that little or no geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov winds were present at the time to disrupt the plume. By contrast, a cloud of denser, gray ash - most probably a pyroclastic flow - appears to be hugging the ground, descending from the volcano summit. The rising eruption plume casts a shadow to the northwest of the island bottom center.
Brown ash at a lower altitude of the atmosphere spreads out above the ground at upper right. Low-level stratus clouds approach Matua Island from the east, wrapping around the lower slopes of the volcano. Only about 1. Image courtesy of NASA. Factbook photos - obtained from a variety of sources - are in the public domain and are copyright free. Agency Copyright Notice. Russia's eastern Kamchatka Peninsula, which extends far into the Pacific Ocean, includes more than volcanoes.
While most are not actively erupting, many are considered dangerous due to their eruptive history and proximity to population centers and air travel corridors. This astronaut photo highlights the summit crater and snow-covered slopes of Avachinshy stratovolcano 2, m; 8, ft as it pokes above a surrounding cloud deck. The volcano has an extensive historic and geological record of eruptions, the latest geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov ocurring in To the southeast image rightthe large breached geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov of Kozelsky volcano also appears above the clouds.
Kozelsky is a parasitic cone, formed by the eruption of material from vents along the flank of Avachinsky. Photo courtesy geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov NASA. The Kuril Geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov chain is built from a line of volcanoes, an island arc, that extends from Russia's Kamchatka Peninsula to northern Geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov. Island arcs form along an active boundary between two tectonic plates, with one geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov driven beneath the other subduction.
Magma generated by subduction feeds volcanoes - and eventually volcanic islands - over the subduction boundary. Paramushir Island in the northern Kurils is an example of a large island built by several volcanoes over geologic time.
This astronaut photograph shows the southern end of Paramushir Island after a snowfall. The western slopes of the mountains are brightly illuminated, while the eastern slopes are in shadow.
Four geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov volcanic centers create this part of the island. Fuss Peak image center left is an isolated stratovolcano connected to the main island via an isthmus. Fuss Peak last erupted in The southern tip of the island is occupied by the Karpinsky Group of three volcanic centers.
A minor eruption of ash following an earthquake occurred on this part of the island in The Lomonosov Group to the northeast image center includes four cinder cones and a lava dome.
The most recent volcanic activity on Paramushir Island occurred in at the Chikurachki cone located along the northern coastline of the island at image top center. The summit of this volcano, 1, m 5, ft above sea level, is the highest on Paramushir Island. Much of the Sea of Okhotsk visible in the image is covered with low clouds that often form around the islands in the Kuril chain.
The eastern side of the Kamchatka Peninsula juts into the Pacific Ocean west of Alaska in this enhanced winter satellite image. Snow-covered peaks and valley glaciers feed blue ice into coastal waters.
The Kamchatka Peninsula is home to volcanoes, 29 of which are active. For other active volcanoes in Russia, see the Natural hazards-volcanism subfield in the Geography section. Image courtesy of USGS. Geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov prominent crimson streak in the center of this false-color satellite image represents the remains of a 50 km 31 mi geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov volcanic mudflow that cut a strip of barren rock through rich vegetation surrounding the Anyuyskiy Volcano.
The currently geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov volcano is the orange circular shape at the right end of the streak. Remote and largely inaccessible, the Kamchatka Peninsula is a rugged collection of towering volcanic peaks, steep valleys, active geysers, and wild, snow-fed rivers and streams.
Red dots mark the locations of fires burning in countries south and east of the Baltic Geben Prostatahyperplasie Saratov in this early April image.