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What is a PSA Test?

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Note: Please don't include any URLs in your comments, as they will be removed upon submission. We do not store details you enter into this form. Please see our privacy policy for more information. Click here to return to the Medical News Today home page. Prostate cancer starts in the prostate Prostata-Check Videowhich is part of the male reproductive system.

The gland produces a fluid that, together with sperm from the testicles, makes up semen. Muscle cells inside the prostate play a role in ejaculation. The ACS Prostata-Check Video note that 1 in 9 men will receive a diagnosis of prostate cancer during their lifetimes, and around 1 in 41 men will die from the disease.

With treatment, there is a good chance of surviving prostate cancer. Prostate cancer often produces Prostata-Check Video symptoms in the early stages. After a certain age, the doctor may recommend regular screening. A prostate exam can help detect cancer while Prostata-Check Video is still highly treatable, even if symptoms are not present.

Screening involves looking for early signs Prostata-Check Video a disease in people who Prostata-Check Video not Prostata-Check Video any symptoms. Cancer screening aims to detect telltale changes at an early stage, when treatment is more Prostata-Check Video to be effective. Neither test can confirm that prostate cancer is present, as various other factors may influence results.

However, these tests can indicate whether further steps are necessary. Before undergoing either of these tests, the person will need to give consent, which involves confirming that they understand the potential benefits and risks. The DRE Prostata-Check Video a physical examination for changes in the prostate that could indicate a tumor. Inform their healthcare team if they have hemorrhoids or anal fissures, as a DRE may exacerbate these. Ask their insurance provider about coverage and whether there will be additional costs.

The procedure usually requires the person to undress from the waist down. The specialist may instruct the person to lie on their left side and pull their knees up to their chest or to stand and lean against a table. A DRE is not usually painful, but it may be slightly uncomfortable.

It takes only a few minutes to complete. However, there may be some bleeding from the rectum afterward, particularly if the person has hemorrhoids or anal fissures. If bleeding persists or is significant, the person should contact their healthcare provider. The person may also undergo a PSA test on the same day. If the doctor believes that further steps may be necessary, they will base this on the results of Prostata-Check Video the PSA and DRE.

It is worth noting that a DRE often produces Prostata-Check Video false-positive result. If the doctor detects changes in the prostate gland, this does not necessarily Prostata-Check Video cancer.

Prostate nodules can develop because of prostate cancer or other prostate-related conditions. Learn more about prostate nodules here. This blood test measures the amount Prostata-Check Video PSA that the prostate gland produces. Some of this antigen leaks into the blood and will show up during testing. High levels of PSA in the blood can indicate prostate cancer, but various other conditions and factors can raise PSA levels.

High levels do not necessarily mean that cancer is present. The PSA test involves taking a blood sample and sending it to a laboratory for analysis. The results indicate:. There is a 1 in 4 chance that cancer is present. The specialist will likely recommend more testing, including a prostate Prostata-Check Video. It is important to note that PSA levels can naturally vary from person to person.

A person with high levels may not Prostata-Check Video prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is Prostata-Check Video the Prostata-Check Video cause of high PSA levels. Find out more about the other causes here. Other factors that can raise PSA levels include:. Prostata-Check Video, people with obesity may have lower PSA readings. Some herbal medicines and supplements can also lower PSA levels. Tell the doctor about any medications and supplements before undergoing the test.

High PSA levels alone do not indicate cancer. However, if a DRE also reveals changes, a doctor may recommend a biopsy for a more accurate result. The PCA3 is another test for prostate cancer that doctors use in some circumstances. Find out more. If the DRE and Prostata-Check Video tests show nothing unusual, the healthcare provider may recommend monitoring by repeating one or both tests every 1—2 years.

A prostate biopsy can lead to complications. What are the alternatives? There are no official guidelines about screening for prostate cancer, but the ACS recommend Prostata-Check Video to a doctor about screening from the following ages:. People who have a high risk include African Americans, people with obesity, and anyone with a close relative who received a diagnosis of prostate cancer before age Not everyone recommends routine screening, however.

Inthe U. Preventive Services Task Force recommended that the decision to undergo screening from the Prostata-Check Video of 55—69 years should be up to the individual. This is because screening can produce false positive results, Prostata-Check Video to investigations or surgery Prostata-Check Video may not be necessary. Before going ahead with screening, a person should discuss the risks Prostata-Check Video benefits with their doctor.

Does frequent ejaculation lower the risk of prostate cancer? Find out here. Prostate cancer is common. A person should start asking about the benefits of screening from age 50, or earlier, if they have a higher risk of prostate cancer. Doctors have historically used a PSA level of 4. When PSA levels are in the range of 2. A person who has previously had a negative biopsy will have a lower risk.

This was first available in and was updated in It is a good tool to aid in the Prostata-Check Video of whether or not to perform Prostata-Check Video biopsy. Article last updated by Yvette Brazier on Mon 7 October All references are available in the References tab. American Cancer Society recommendations for prostate cancer early detection.

Key statistics for prostate cancer. NCI dictionary of cancer terms: Digital rectal examination. Prostate cancer prevention trial risk calculator version 2.

Prostate cancer: Screening. Prostate-specific antigen PSA test. Rectal examination. Screening tests for prostate cancer. Should I have a PSA test? Smith, R. Cancer screening in the Prostata-Check Video States, A review of current American Cancer Society guidelines and Prostata-Check Video issues in cancer screening.

Survival rates for prostate Prostata-Check Video. What tests can detect prostate cancer early? Prostata-Check Video Ali, Zia. MediLexicon, Intl. APA Ali, Z.