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Wales Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu born in Huntsville, Alabamawhere he attended Randolph Schoola university-preparatory school. Inhe and two partners founded BomisProstata-Massage bei vrachihu web portal featuring entertainment and adult content.
Bomis provided the initial funding for the free peer-reviewed encyclopedia, Nupedia —and its successor, Wikipedia. On January 15,with Larry Sanger and others, Wales Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu Wikipedia —a free, open-content encyclopedia that enjoyed rapid growth and popularity. As Wikipedia's public profile grew, he became its promoter and spokesman. Though he is historically credited as co-founder, he has disputed this, declaring himself the sole founder.
Wales serves on the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees, the charity that he helped establish to operate Wikipedia, holding its board-appointed "community founder" seat. For his role in creating Wikipedia, which has become the world's largest encyclopedia, Time named him one of " The Most Influential People in the World ".
Wales was born in Huntsville, Alabamashortly before midnight on August 7, ; however, his birth certificate lists his date of birth as August 8. As a child, Wales enjoyed reading. As he grew up and learned to read, it became an object of reverence, but Wales soon discovered that the World Book had shortcomings: no matter how much was in it, there were many more things that were not. World Book sent out stickers for owners to paste on the pages in order to update the encyclopedia, and Wales was careful to put the stickers to work, stating, "I joke Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu I started as a kid revising the encyclopedia by stickering the one my mother bought.
During an interview in with Brian LambWales described his childhood private school as a " Montessori influenced philosophy of education", where he "spent lots of hours poring over the Britannicas and World Book Encyclopedias ". As an adult, Wales was sharply critical of the government's treatment of the school, citing Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu "constant interference and bureaucracy and very sort of snobby inspectors from the state" as a formative influence on his political philosophy.
After eighth grade, Wales attended Randolph School    a university-preparatory school in Huntsville, graduating Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu sixteen.
During his studies in Alabama, he had become an obsessive player of Multi-User Dungeons MUDs —a type of virtual role-playing game —and thereby experienced the potential of computer networks to foster large-scale collaborative projects.
Inspired by the remarkably successful initial public offering of Netscape inand having accumulated capital through "speculating on interest-rate and foreign-currency fluctuations",  Wales decided to leave the realm of financial trading and became an Internet entrepreneur. Though Bomis had at the time struggled to make money, it provided Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu with the funding to pursue his greater passion, an online encyclopedia.
The idea was to have thousands of volunteers writing articles for an online encyclopedia in all languages. Initially we found ourselves organizing the work in Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu very top-down, structured, academic, old-fashioned way. It was no fun Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu the volunteer writers because we had a lot of academic peer review committees who would criticize articles and give feedback. It was like handing in an essay at grad school, and basically intimidating to participate in.
Mertonbut being too intimidated to submit his first draft to the prestigious finance professors who were to peer review it, even though he had published a paper on Option Pricing Theory and Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu comfortable with the subject matter. Wales characterized this as the moment he realized that the Nupedia model was not going to work. In JanuarySanger was introduced to the concept of a wiki by extreme programming enthusiast Ben Kovitz after explaining to Kovitz the slow pace of growth Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu endured as a result of its onerous submission process.
The majority of Nupedia's experts, however, wanted nothing to do with this project, fearing that mixing amateur content with professionally researched and edited material would compromise the integrity of Nupedia's information and damage the credibility of the encyclopedia. Originally, Bomis planned to make Wikipedia a profitable business. Wales feared that, at worst, it might produce "complete rubbish".
Wales has Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu that he was initially so worried about the concept of open editing, where anyone can edit the encyclopedia, that he would awaken during the night and monitor what was being added. Sanger developed Wikipedia in its early phase and guided the project. Of course, other people had had the idea", adding, "the actual development of this encyclopedia was the task he gave me to work on. Wales has asserted that he is the sole founder of Wikipedia,  and has publicly disputed Sanger's designation as a co-founder.
Sanger and Wales were identified as co-founders at least as early as September by The New York Times and as founders in Wikipedia's first press release in January In lateWales edited his own biographical entry on the English Wikipedia. Writer Rogers Cadenhead drew attention to logs showing that in his edits to the page, Wales had removed references to Sanger as the co-founder of Wikipedia.
But this is a futile process because in our brave new world of transparent activity and maximum communication, the truth will out. In a interview with SlashdotWales outlined his vision for Wikipedia: "Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the sum of all human knowledge. That's what we're doing. In the first interview, he said that while he "has always rejected" the term "benevolent dictator", he does Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu to himself as the "constitutional monarch".
In the second, he elaborated on his "constitutional monarch" designation, saying that, like the Queen, he has no real power. Not to be too dramatic about it, but, 'to create and distribute a Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu encyclopedia of the highest possible quality to every single person on the planet in their own language,' that's who I am. That's what I am doing. That's my life goal. Petersburg, Florida and later headquartered in San FranciscoCalifornia. Wales Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu an annual "State of the Wiki" address at the Wikimania conference.
Wales's association with the foundation has led to controversy. In MarchWales was accused by former Wikimedia Foundation employee Danny Wool of misusing the foundation's funds for recreational purposes. Later in Marchit was claimed by Jeffrey Vernon Merkey that Wales had edited Merkey's Wikipedia entry to make it more favorable in return for donations to the Wikimedia Foundation, an allegation Wales dismissed as "nonsense". Twenty days later, Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu November 24, Wales appeared on the British topical debate television program Question Time.
In Mayit was reported that Wales was advising the UK government on how to make taxpayer-funded academic research available on the internet at no cost. In Januaryit was announced that Wales had joined The People's Operator as co-chair of the mobile phone network. On May 26,Google appointed Wales to serve on a seven-member committee on privacy in response to Google v.
Gonzalezwhich led to Google's being inundated with requests to remove websites from their search results. Wales said he wanted the committee to be viewed as "a blue-ribbon panel" by lawmakers and for the committee to advise the lawmakers as well as Google. InWales announced that Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu is launching an online publication Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu WikiTribunewith a goal to fight fake news through a combination of professional journalists and volunteer contributors.
Wales described it Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu "news by the people and for the people", and that it will be the "first time that professional journalists and citizen journalists will work side-by-side as equals writing stories as they happen, editing them live as they develop, and at all times backed by a community checking and rechecking all facts". Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu is a self-avowed Objectivist referring to the philosophy invented by writer Ayn Rand in the midth century that Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu reasonProstata-Massage bei vrachihuand capitalism.
Wales first encountered the philosophy through reading Rand's novel The Fountainhead during his undergraduate period  and, infounded an electronic mailing list devoted to "Moderated Discussion of Objectivist Philosophy". When asked if he could trace "the Ayn Rand connection" to a personal political philosophy at the time of the interview, Wales labeled himself a libertarianqualifying his Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu by referring to the U.
Libertarian Party as "lunatics", and citing Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu, liberty, basically individual rights, that idea of dealing with other people in a manner that is not initiating force against them" as his guiding principles. Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu interview with Wales served as the cover feature of the June issue of the libertarian magazine Reason. Prior toWales attended George Soros 's birthday.
In a interview with The Independenthe expressed sympathy with the Occupy Wall Street and Occupy Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu protesters, saying, "You don't have to Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu a socialist to Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu it's not right to take money from everybody and give it to a few rich people.
That's not free enterprise. InWales signed up as the committee Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu for Lawrence Lessig 's presidential campaign. InWales and eleven other business leaders signed on to an open letter to American voters urging them not to vote for Donald Trump in that year's United States presidential election.
In Mayhe said on Quora that Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu is a Centrist and a Gradualist and believes "that slow step-by-step change is better and more sustainable and allows us to test new things with a minimum of difficult disruption in society. Wales stated that he would rather see companies such as Google adhere to Wikipedia's policy of freedom of information.
The essence of Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu is a collaborative editing process". Wales cites Austrian School economist Friedrich Hayek 's essay, Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu The Use of Knowledge in Society ", which he read as an undergraduate,  as "central" to his thinking about "how to manage the Wikipedia project". He was particularly moved by " The Cathedral and the Bazaar ", an essay which was later adapted into a book of the same nameby one of the founders of the movement, Eric S.
Raymondas it "opened [his] Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu to the possibilities of mass collaboration. From Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu background in finance, and working as a futures and options trader, Wales developed an interest in game theory and the effect of incentives on human collaborative activity. He identifies this fascination as a significant basis for his developmental work on the Wikipedia project. Senator Joseph Lieberman introduced Wales by stating:.
We are very glad to have as a witness Jimmy Wales, the founder of Wikipedia, one of the most Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu examples of what collaborative technology can produce. We have asked Mr. Wales to take us through some of the Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu behind Wikipedia and then to relate them to our jurisdiction, which is to say to help us understand how similar technologies and collaborative activities can be applied Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu government for greater information sharing and communication, both within the government, but also between the government and the public.
In fact, Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu encouragingly, the intelligence community has already developed and is using a process collaborative technology that they call Intellipediawhich is based directly on the Wikipedia model. So Mr. Wales, if imitation is a form of flattery, you should feel flattered. And the aim of this is to foster collaboration and information across the intelligence community, obviously on a closed site. On May 14,Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu strongly reacted to the European Court of Justice ECJ 's ruling on the right of individuals to request the removal of information from Google's search results.
He stated to the Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu that the ruling was "one of the most wide-sweeping internet censorship rulings that I've ever seen". The May ECJ ruling required swift action from Google to implement a process that allowed people to directly contact the corporation about the removal of information that they believe is outdated or irrelevant.
Google's Larry Page revealed that 30 percent of requests received by Google since the ruling was made were categorized as "other". Wales explained in email responses that he was contacted by Google on May 28,and "The remit of the committee is to hold public hearings and issue recommendations—not just to Google but to legislators and the public.
I think the decision will have no impact on people's right to privacy, because I don't regard truthful information in court records published by court order Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu a newspaper to be private information. If anything, the decision is likely to simply muddle the interesting philosophical questions and make it more difficult to make real progress on privacy issues.
In the case of truthful, non-defamatory information obtained legally, I think there is no possibility of any defensible "right" to censor what other people are saying.
It is important to Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu language like "data" because we aren't Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu about "data"—we are talking about the Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu of knowledge. Wales then provided further explanation, drawing a comparison with Wikipedia: "You do not have a right to use the law to prevent Wikipedia editors from writing truthful information, nor do you have a right to use the law to prevent Google from publishing truthful information.
Inthe Home Secretary of the U. What needs to happen next is a serious reconsideration of the UK extradition treaty that would allow this sort of nonsense in Prostata-Massage bei vrachihu first place. In AugustWales criticized U. Prime Minister David Cameron 's plan for an Internet porn-filter, saying that the idea was "ridiculous. He has said that he is "a strong supporter of Israel". Jimmy Wales has been married three times.
At the age of twenty, he married Pamela Green,  a co-worker at a grocery store in Alabama.