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Prostate cancer is a serious disease that affects thousands of men each year who are middle-aged or older. About 60 percent of the cases occur in men older Prostatakrebs tmn age The prostate is regulated by the hormone testosterone and produces Prostatakrebs tmn fluid, also known as semen. Semen is the substance Prostatakrebs tmn sperm that exits the urethra during ejaculation. This cancer can spread to other areas of the body. According to the Urology Care Foundationprostate cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer deaths for men in the United States.

Most Prostatakrebs tmn of prostate cancer are a type of cancer called an adenocarcinoma. This is a cancer that Prostatakrebs tmn in the tissue of a gland, such as the prostate gland. With aggressive prostate cancer, the tumor can grow quickly and may spread to other areas of the body, such as the bones.

Like all cancers, it could be caused by Prostatakrebs tmn things, including a family history or exposure to certain Prostatakrebs tmn. Whatever the instigating factor is, it leads to Prostatakrebs tmn mutations and uncontrolled cell growth in the prostate. While prostate cancer could occur in any man, certain factors raise your risk for the disease. These risk factors include:.

Where you live could also play a role in your prostate cancer Prostatakrebs tmn. Find out more about causes and risk factors for prostate cancer. As mentioned above, age is a primary risk factor for prostate cancer. The disease occurs most often in men older than Prostatakrebs tmn It occurs in about 1 in 14 men between the ages of 60 and Some forms of prostate cancer are nonaggressive, so you may not have any symptoms. However, advanced prostate cancer often causes symptoms.

They can make sure you receive the correct diagnosis and treatment. Symptoms of prostate cancer can include urinary problems, sexual problems, and pain and numbness. Urinary problems are a common symptom because the prostate is located beneath the bladder, and it surrounds the urethra. Because of this location, if a tumor grows on the prostate, it could press on the bladder or urethra and cause problems. Erectile dysfunction may Prostatakrebs tmn a symptom of prostate Prostatakrebs tmn.

Also called impotence, this condition makes you unable to get and keep an erection. Blood in the semen after ejaculation can also be a symptom of prostate cancer. Metastatic cancer is cancer that has spread to other areas Prostatakrebs tmn the body from where it first occurred. When prostate cancer metastasizes, it often spreads to the Prostatakrebs tmn. This can cause pain in Prostatakrebs tmn following areas:. While any of the above symptoms can be Prostatakrebs tmn first indication Prostatakrebs tmn you have prostate cancer, urinary symptoms are more likely than other symptoms to appear early.

These conditions include benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH and prostatitis. That said, neither of these Prostatakrebs tmn causes blood to appear in your urine. If you have this symptom, call your doctor right away. Find out more about possible early symptoms of prostate cancer and when to call your doctor.

Screening for prostate cancer often depends upon your own personal preferences. For both of these reasons, screening could cause unnecessary worry and unneeded treatment. The ACS does have screening recommendations for men as they get older.

They Prostatakrebs tmn that during an annual exam, doctors talk to men of certain ages about the pros and cons of screening for prostate cancer. These conversations are recommended for the following ages:. The U. If you and your doctor decide that screening for prostate cancer is a good choice for you, your doctor will likely do a Prostatakrebs tmn exam and discuss your health history.

Your doctor will discuss with you the results of these tests and Prostatakrebs tmn recommendations for any next steps that may be needed. Learn more about what to expect during a prostate exam and how to prepare for one. If the levels are high, this could mean you have prostate cancer.

However, Prostatakrebs tmn are many reasons why you could have a high amount of PSA in Prostatakrebs tmn blood, so the test results could lead to a misdiagnosis and unnecessary treatment. However, the PSA test is still appropriate in certain cases, such as for men at high risk of prostate cancer. Also, if you already have a confirmed case Prostatakrebs tmn prostate cancer, this test is still approved for cancer staging or grading. Prostatakrebs tmn you consider having a PSA blood test, talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits.

Find out more about the pros and cons of having a PSA test. Pathologists use this score to classify the grade of prostate cancer cells. The grade means how much the abnormal cells Prostatakrebs tmn like cancer, and how aggressive their growth seems to be.

If your score is seven or higher, your doctor Prostatakrebs tmn likely look at your score and your PSA level to assess the cells. That means your risk of an aggressive cancer is higher. Learn about how a Gleason score is calculated and what your score means for you. Your doctor will likely use both Prostatakrebs tmn results from your PSA test and your Gleason score to help determine the stage of your prostate cancer.

The stage indicates how advanced your cancer is. This information helps your Prostatakrebs tmn plan your treatment. Like many other types of cancer, prostate cancer is staged using this system based on:. Prostate cancer stages range from 1 to 4.

The disease is most advanced in stage 4. Learn more about prostate cancer staging, and what Prostatakrebs tmn stage means. Your doctor will develop an appropriate treatment plan for your cancer based on your age, health status, and the stage of your cancer. If the cancer is nonaggressive, your doctor may recommend watchful waiting, which is also called active surveillance. For bone metastases, the above treatments may be used, in addition to others.

Learn more about treatments and outlook for bone metastases. A prostatectomy Prostatakrebs tmn a surgical procedure during which part or all of Prostatakrebs tmn prostate gland Prostatakrebs tmn removed. With Prostatakrebs tmn procedure, the entire prostate gland is Prostatakrebs tmn. There are different types of radical prostatectomies. Find out more about the types of surgical options and what to expect with a prostatectomy.

Early detection and treatment are key to a positive outcome. If Prostatakrebs tmn think you have symptoms of Prostatakrebs tmn cancer, you should schedule an appointment with your doctor right away. However, if the cancer advances and spreads outside of your prostate, that will affect Prostatakrebs tmn outlook. Find out more about survival rates for advanced prostate cancer, including cancer that Prostatakrebs tmn spread to your bones.

However, there are others you can control. For example, quitting smoking could reduce your risk of prostate cancer, as research has shown that smoking increases your risk. Diet and exercise are also important factors that can influence your risk of prostate cancer. The evidence also suggests that certain foods may increase your risk of prostate cancer, such as:.

Exercise can likely help reduce your risk of developing advanced prostate cancer, and of dying of prostate Prostatakrebs tmn. Exercise can also help you lose weight. This is key because Prostatakrebs tmn has shown obesity to be a risk factor for prostate Prostatakrebs tmn. Learn more about how diet and exercise could help reduce your risk of prostate cancer. So as you get older, be sure to have open conversations with your doctor about your risk.

If you have any symptoms you think might be prostate cancer, talk to your doctor right away. A diet rich in vegetables and fish and low in full-fat dairy and red meatpaired with an exercise plan approved by your doctor, could help reduce your risk of prostate cancer, as well as boost your health overall.

There's a spectrum of treatments for prostate cancer. Deciding on the right approach should be a shared decision between you and your doctor. What you eat may affect your outlook for prostate cancer. Proactive dietary changes, particularly if you eat a typical "Western" diet, may help….

Prostate cancer is a common type of cancer among men. Here's a primer on signs to Prostatakrebs tmn for, plus how it's diagnosed and treated. Prostate cancer screening can detect cancer before it spreads to other parts of the body. Before undergoing screening, talk with your doctor. About 1 in 9 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime.

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