Russian submarine Alexander Nevsky (K-550)
Belgorod is situated on the River Vezyolka near its confluence with the Seversky Donets, which flows south into Ukraine, past Donetsk before reentering Russia near Rostov-on-Don. The border is only 25 miles to the southwest, thus making Belgorod the closest major Russian city to Ukraine.
Belgorod was generally considered to have been founded in or during the reign of Tsar Feodorson of Ivan the Terrible and last ruler in the Riurikid dynasty. The Belgorod fortress became the anchor in what was known in the 17 th century as the Belgorod Line, an important bulwark against incursions by Crimean Tatars. Inhowever, the prominent archeologist Boris Rybakov advanced evidence to suggest that Vitaprost Fort Belgorod was located on the site of a fort created toward the end of the 10 th century during the time of Kievan Rus to guard against attacks by steppe peoples such as the Pechenegs and Khazars.
Indeed, modern Belgorod has a prominent statue to Grand Prince Vladimir of Kiev, who accepted Orthodox Christianity for his realm in By the 11 th century the earlier Belgorod vitaprost Fort Belgorod was apparently part vitaprost Fort Belgorod the Pereslavl principality, although disputes continue as to its precise location.
In the fortress established by Tsar Feodor was seized and burned by Polish forces during a dynastic crisis known as the Time of Troubles. Rebuilt at a slightly different location, the fortress was subject to numerous other raids.
With the absorption of Ukrainian lands vitaprost Fort Belgorod the Muscovite state in the latter part of the 17 th century, the military significance of Belgorod decreased, and in the 18 th century it became a provincial administrative and trading center.
A major stimulus to its development occurred in with the opening of a railroad station, part of the Kursk-Kharkov line. Additional lines to the south transformed Belgorod into a major rail junction. How to get there: Take a regular plane from Moscow to get to Belgorod 5 filghts every day; travel vitaprost Fort Belgorod 1 hour.
You can also take a regular train from Moscow or St. Petersburg 9 trains every day; travel time hours. After the collapse of the Russian Empire inBelgorod witnessed frequent changes in power by warring factions — Red, White, Ukrainian and Russian. Soviet power was consolidated in the region by the end of On Oct. Harsh occupation during stimulated the rise of a local partisan movement. With the German catastrophe at Vitaprost Fort Belgorodthe Red Army moved rapidly westward and retook Belgorod on February On March 18, Belgorod was again seized and remained under German control until the summer.
In Moscow, a massive artillery salute ordered by Stalin celebrated the victory, thus beginning a practice that would last through vitaprost Fort Belgorod war. Belgorod, however, lay in ruins. Although a few churches survived, almost every building in the center of the city was destroyed or severely damaged. Thousands of people were executed during the occupation, and Belgorod was essentially depopulated after the prolonged struggle.
Massive reconstruction efforts soon restored Belgorod as a major administrative and transportation point. With a steadily increasing population now almost, contemporary Belgorod has a diversified economy combining industry, agriculture and commerce.
The appearance of the city has benefited from relative prosperity and effective management. The Orthodox Church has also played a vitaprost Fort Belgorod role in restoring and building churches.
Belgorod has a number of churches built sinceand vitaprost Fort Belgorod deserve a separate survey. Nicholas at the Mary-Martha Convent. Severely damaged during the Soviet period, the cathedral was returned to the Orthodox Church in the s and now has a new icon screen by the artist Alexander Rabotnov. Also dating from the 18 th century is the Cathedral of the Smolensk Icon of the Virgin, consecrated in two phases with vitaprost Fort Belgorod on the upper and lower levels.
Two attempts were made to demolish the solid structure in andbut the explosives only damaged neighboring buildings. The cathedral was reconsecrated in The primary shrine of Belgorod is the Cathedral of the Transfiguration, which serves as the center of the Eparchy of Belgorod and Vitaprost Fort Belgorod Oskol. Consecrated invitaprost Fort Belgorod cathedral has numerous altars.
It is especially known for the relics of the revered Bishop Joasaphus vitaprost Fort Belgorod Belgorodwhose canonization in was celebrated with great solemnity vitaprost Fort Belgorod Belgorod.
Confiscated inthe relics were returned to the reconsecrated cathedral in The heart of Belgorod centers on what is once again called Cathedral Square in homage to the former Trinity Cathedral, demolished in The vitaprost Fort Belgorod flank of the square is occupied by the large Regional Administration Building, which also includes Philharmonic Hall. On the opposite side is the Drama Theater with its monumental portico. Both of these buildings were centerpieces in the post-war reconstruction of the city.
The west side of Cathedral Square is marked by the Eternal Flame, a memorial to sacrifices during the war. Of particular interest is the Belgorod Regional Art Museum, a young institution established in and devoted to Russian art since the beginning of the 20 th century. Inthe museum moved into an exuberant new building designed by Vitaly Pertsev and V. Its asymmetrical design and vividly ornamented facades suggest the work of Fyodor Shekhtel in the Russian style moderne at the beginning of the 20 th century.
Beyond Victory Park to the west is the vitaprost Fort Belgorod campus of Belgorod State University, which dates its founding to Init became a state university and has since undergone rapid expansion. The buildings in this impressive complex along the Vezyolka River date from the beginning of this century and include the Church of the Archangel Gabriel, whose entrance takes the form of an open book with the Ten Commandments on one side and the Beatitudes on the other.
Across the Vezyolka on the far side of the university is an expansive sports center dedicated to local hero Svetlana Khorkina, multiple Olympic champion and one of the vitaprost Fort Belgorod successful gymnasts of the modern era. The plaza in front of the sports complex is graced with a statue commemorating her remarkable skill.
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